Scientific papers are compendium of knowledge that consist of results of experimentation, solution to unanswered question and linking information leading to new discoveries. These papers are often appeared as peer-review articles, books, research, laboratory reports or thesis paper.
Academic writing can be tough job if there is no one to help or you might afraid to ask help from your supervisor. Well, it isn’t that easy that you can learn overnight or not that hard that you can’t learn at all. Consistency and clear simple language clearly understandable to the reader is key of it. The ideas, answers, experimentation and results should be concise, reasonable and real to understand the value of conducting research of the problem.
The format of paper may vary from field to field but easy to remember guidelines are listed below that will gives summary of points that a scientific paper is comprises of.
Abstract is important part of scientific papers of which is the summary of your methodology, outcomes, and purpose of conducting the study. Introductory lines address the issue and its importance, then few lines should be of how this study is conducted that comes in the part of materials and method, and then comes the part of your findings which should be clear and understandable so that people of other background can understand well It should be of concise and easy wording that grabs attention of reader and gives them idea of what and why this study is investigated.
Introduction is the most interesting yet challenging part of paper or thesis. It is daunting task for the writers as it is time consuming and require efforts to structure your ideas. The main purpose of this section is that you need to highlight answers of all the question related to the problem and explain the gap in the study. It is often combined with literature review which gives detail research background of the issue which is previously conducted and methods to study it.
To summarize it, following points are important to keep in mind while writing introduction:
- You need to do thorough research on the problem and state answers related to it. This will make reader interest in it.
- Organize your thoughts and create a road map from broader perspective to narrowing down important point to mention.
- Establish linkage between the existing literature and purpose of conducting your research. State your hypothesis and add relevant argument in favor or against it.
Methodology is the simple section of the paper which describe how a study is conducted. It is the part that test hypothesis or scientific claim by conducting experimentation. It should contain detail plan of experiments with full explanation of investigating a research problem and describing the materials, participants, parameters, and questions relevant to it.
The goals of this section are to convey the information and knowledge to recreate the experiment and get reproducible results. The information of method should be clear so that every person can understand and if want to replicate your experiments can easily do it.
This section of paper represents the outcomes of your methodology that supports predicted results or not. The information should be displayed in good way such as in charts, figures, graphs, and any other representation that clearly explains the findings. Interpret the results in real way whether it supports your hypothesis or not. Don’t write directly instead explain the reason in statistical form.
This part of section is often confused with conclusion and results but it differs in terms of interpretation of results. Relate your findings with your hypothesis and questions, that you mentioned in your literature review. Elaborate any limitation that you observe in conducting research.
Lastly, conclude your thesis paper succinctly summarizing your paper and outcomes of the research. Do not repeat anything from discussion section rather provide insight to future recommendation of the research and its significance.